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习近平主席在中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会上的报告(5)(中英对照)

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This great struggle, great project, great cause, and great dream are closely connected, flow seamlessly into each other, and are mutually reinforcing. Among them, the great new project of Party building plays the decisive role. All work to advance this project must go hand in hand with that geared toward the struggle, the cause, and the dream. We must see that as history progresses and the world undergoes profound changes, the Party remains always ahead of the times; that as history progresses and we respond to risks and tests at home and abroad, the Party remains always the backbone of the nation; and that as history progresses and we continue to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, the Party remains always a powerful leadership core.
伟大斗争,伟大工程,伟大事业,伟大梦想,紧密联系、相互贯通、相互作用,其中起决定性作用的是党的建设新的伟大工程。推进伟大工程,要结合伟大斗争、伟大事业、伟大梦想的实践来进行,确保党在世界形势深刻变化的历史进程中始终走在时代前列,在应对国内外各种风险和考验的历史进程中始终成为全国人民的主心骨,在坚持和发展中国特色社会主义的历史进程中始终成为坚强领导核心。
Comrades, Our mission is a call to action; our mission steers the course to the future. We must live up to the trust the people have placed in us and prove ourselves worthy of history's choice. In the great endeavors of building socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, let us get behind the strong leadership of the Party and engage in a tenacious struggle. Let all of us, the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation, come together, keep going, and create a mighty force that enables us to realize the Chinese Dream.
同志们!使命呼唤担当,使命引领未来。我们要不负人民重托、无愧历史选择,在新时代中国特色社会主义的伟大实践中,以党的坚强领导和顽强奋斗,激励全体中华儿女不断奋进,凝聚起同心共筑中国梦的磅礴力量!
III. The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the Basic Policy
三、新时代中国特色社会主义思想和基本方略
Since our 18th National Congress, changes both in and outside China, and the progress made in all areas of China's endeavors, have presented us with a profound question – the question of an era. Our answer must be a systematic combination of theory and practice and must address what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics the new era requires us to uphold and develop, and how we should go about doing it. This involves fundamental issues like the overarching objectives, tasks, plan, and strategy for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era; like the direction, model, and driving force of development, and the strategic steps, external conditions, and political guarantees. As well as this, to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, we should, based on new practice, undertake theoretical analysis and produce policy guidance on the economy, political affairs, rule of law, science and technology, culture, education, the wellbeing of our people, ethnic and religious affairs, social development, ecological conservation, national security, defense and the armed forces, the principle of "one country, two systems" and national reunification, the united front, foreign affairs, and Party building.
十八大以来,国内外形势变化和我国各项事业发展都给我们提出了一个重大时代课题,这就是必须从理论和实践结合上系统回答新时代坚持和发展什么样的中国特色社会主义、怎样坚持和发展中国特色社会主义,包括新时代坚持和发展中国特色社会主义的总目标、总任务、总体布局、战略布局和发展方向、发展方式、发展动力、战略步骤、外部条件、政治保证等基本问题,并且要根据新的实践对经济、政治、法治、科技、文化、教育、民生、民族、宗教、社会、生态文明、国家安全、国防和军队、“一国两制”和祖国统一、统一战线、外交、党的建设等各方面作出理论分析和政策指导,以利于更好坚持和发展中国特色社会主义。
In answering this question, our Party has been guided by Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It has continued to free our minds, seek truth from facts, move with the times, and apply a realistic and pragmatic approach. In answering this question, our Party has continued to uphold dialectical and historical materialism; has considered carefully the new conditions of the era and the new requirements of practice; and has adopted an entirely new perspective to deepen its understanding of the laws that underlie governance by a Communist party, the development of socialism, and the evolution of human society. It has worked hard to undertake theoretical explorations, and has achieved major theoretical innovations, ultimately giving shape to the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.
围绕这个重大时代课题,我们党坚持以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观为指导,坚持解放思想、实事求是、与时俱进、求真务实,坚持辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义,紧密结合新的时代条件和实践要求,以全新的视野深化对共产党执政规律、社会主义建设规律、人类社会发展规律的认识,进行艰辛理论探索,取得重大理论创新成果,形成了新时代中国特色社会主义思想。
The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era makes the following things clear: It makes clear that the overarching goal of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics is to realize socialist modernization and national rejuvenation, and, that on the basis of finishing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, a two-step approach should be taken to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the middle of the century.
新时代中国特色社会主义思想,明确坚持和发展中国特色社会主义,总任务是实现社会主义现代化和中华民族伟大复兴,在全面建成小康社会的基础上,分两步走在本世纪中叶建成富强民主文明和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国;
It makes clear that the principal contradiction facing Chinese society in the new era is that between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life. We must therefore continue commitment to our people-centered philosophy of development, and work to promote well-rounded human development and common prosperity for everyone. It makes clear that the overall plan for building socialism with Chinese characteristics is the five-sphere integrated plan, and the overall strategy is the four-pronged comprehensive strategy. It highlights the importance of fostering stronger confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
明确新时代我国社会主要矛盾是人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾,必须坚持以人民为中心的发展思想,不断促进人的全面发展、全体人民共同富裕;明确中国特色社会主义事业总体布局是“五位一体”、战略布局是“四个全面”,强调坚定道路自信、理论自信、制度自信、文化自信;
It makes clear that the overall goal of deepening reform in every field is to improve and develop the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and modernize China's system and capacity for governance. It makes clear that the overall goal of comprehensively advancing law-based governance is to establish a system of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics and build a country of socialist rule of law. It makes clear that the Party's goal of building a strong military in the new era is to build the people's forces into world-class forces that obey the Party's command, can fight and win, and maintain excellent conduct.
明确全面深化改革总目标是完善和发展中国特色社会主义制度、推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化;明确全面推进依法治国总目标是建设中国特色社会主义法治体系、建设社会主义法治国家;明确党在新时代的强军目标是建设一支听党指挥、能打胜仗、作风优良的人民军队,把人民军队建设成为世界一流军队;
It makes clear that major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics aims to foster a new type of international relations and build a community with a shared future for mankind. It makes clear that the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the greatest strength of the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the Party is the highest force for political leadership. It sets forth the general requirements for Party building in the new era and underlines the importance of political work in Party building.
明确中国特色大国外交要推动构建新型国际关系,推动构建人类命运共同体;明确中国特色社会主义最本质的特征是中国共产党领导,中国特色社会主义制度的最大优势是中国共产党领导,党是最高政治领导力量,提出新时代党的建设总要求,突出政治建设在党的建设中的重要地位。
The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era builds on and further enriches Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It represents the latest achievement in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and encapsulates the practical experience and collective wisdom of our Party and the people. It is an important component of the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and a guide to action for all our members and all the Chinese people as we strive to achieve national rejuvenation. This Thought must be adhered to and steadily developed on a long-term basis.
新时代中国特色社会主义思想,是对马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观的继承和发展,是马克思主义中国化最新成果,是党和人民实践经验和集体智慧的结晶,是中国特色社会主义理论体系的重要组成部分,是全党全国人民为实现中华民族伟大复兴而奋斗的行动指南,必须长期坚持并不断发展。
Everyone in the Party should develop a good grasp of the essence and rich implications of the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and fully and faithfully apply it in all our work.
全党要深刻领会新时代中国特色社会主义思想的精神实质和丰富内涵,在各项工作中全面准确贯彻落实。
1. Ensuring Party leadership over all work. The Party exercises overall leadership over all areas of endeavor in every part of the country. We must strengthen our consciousness of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment. We must work harder to uphold the authority and centralized, unified leadership of the Central Committee, and closely follow the Central Committee in terms of our thinking, political orientation, and actions. We must improve the institutions and mechanisms for upholding Party leadership, remain committed to the underlying principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability, and ensure coordinated implementation of the five-sphere integrated plan and the four-pronged comprehensive strategy. We must strengthen the Party's ability and resolve to chart our course, craft overall plans, design policy, and promote reform; and we must ensure the Party always provides overall leadership and coordinates the efforts of all involved.
(一)坚持党对一切工作的领导。党政军民学,东西南北中,党是领导一切的。必须增强政治意识、大局意识、核心意识、看齐意识,自觉维护党中央权威和集中统一领导,自觉在思想上政治上行动上同党中央保持高度一致,完善坚持党的领导的体制机制,坚持稳中求进工作总基调,统筹推进“五位一体”总体布局,协调推进“四个全面”战略布局,提高党把方向、谋大局、定政策、促改革的能力和定力,确保党始终总揽全局、协调各方。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
essence ['esns]
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n. 本质,精髓,要素,香精
 
ultimately ['ʌltimitli]
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adv. 最后,最终
 
conservation [.kɔnsə:'veiʃən]
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n. 保存,防止流失,守恒,保护自然资源
联想记忆
modernization [.mɔdənai'zeiʃən]
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n. 现代化
联想记忆
theoretical [θiə'retikəl]
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adj. 理论上的
 
pragmatic [præg'mætik]
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adj. 实际的,实用主义的
联想记忆
social ['səuʃəl]
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adj. 社会的,社交的
n. 社交聚会
 
authority [ə'θɔ:riti]
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n. 权力,权威,职权,官方,当局
 
defense [di'fens]
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n. 防卫,防卫物,辩护
vt. 防守
 
underlying [.ʌndə'laiiŋ]
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adj. 在下面的,基本的,隐含的
联想记忆

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