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时差N小时:无意识行为与心理学(上)

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Social psychologists have long been intrigued by what they call automatic behavior–the ways people react to stimuli without consciously thinking about their actions.
长期以来,社会心理学家一直对"无意识行为"十分感兴趣,这是人们面临刺激时产生的下意识的反应。
All Hot And Bothered
烦躁不安
In fact, it seems that most people can be unconsciously influenced to behave in certain ways.
其实,大部分人都会下意识做出某种特定的行为。
shicha101.jpgFor example, in one experiment, participants were told to unscramble sentences using words such as “bother”, “disturb”, and “obnoxious.”
例如,在一项实验中,参与者被要求用“烦扰”,“打搅”和“可恶”等词来整理句子。
When they completed the task, these participants were more likely to act rudely than participants who were given words such as “patient” and “appreciate.”
任务结束后,这些参与者的举止比用“耐心”和“赞赏”等词汇整理语句的参与者更容易粗鲁。
But wait, things get even more interesting.
等一下。事情越来越有趣了。
After being asked to unscramble sentences using words such as “old, ancient, Florida, and retired,”
实验要求参与者用“老年,古老的,佛罗里达,退休”等词整理句子,
participants tended to walk more slowly when leaving the experiment, even though slowness was not mentioned.
当他们离开实验室时,他们更倾向于减慢步伐,虽然实验中并未出现“缓慢”一词。
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重点单词   查看全部解释    
intrigued
想一想再看
adj. 好奇的;被迷住了的 v. 引起…的兴趣;使迷惑
 
disturb [dis'tə:b]
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v. 扰乱,妨碍,使 ... 不安
联想记忆
appreciate [ə'pri:ʃieit]
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vt. 欣赏,感激,赏识
vt. 领会,充分意
联想记忆
consciously ['kɔnʃəsli]
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adv. 有意识地,自觉地
 
bother ['bɔðə]
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v. 使恼怒,使不安,烦扰,费心
n. 烦扰,
联想记忆
social ['səuʃəl]
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adj. 社会的,社交的
n. 社交聚会
 
react [ri'ækt]
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vt. 作出反应
vi. 起反应,起作用,反攻
联想记忆
certain ['sə:tn]
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adj. 确定的,必然的,特定的
pron.
 
rudely ['ru:dli]
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adv. 无礼地,粗鲁地,粗陋地
 
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